What is a Concussion / Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?
Concussion is a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) to the soft tissues of the brain including nerve cells, supporting tissues and blood vessels. Concussion / Traumatic Brain Injury may be caused by a blow to the head or body, a whiplash of the head and neck, a fall or other trauma that violently shakes the brain inside the skull.
Concussion / Traumatic Brain Injury can occur without the individual having to lose consciousness. Often times there are no visible signs of a concussion (and whiplash) but there may be symptoms or changes in behavior as listed below:
|Difficulty thinking clearly||Taking longer to think, feeling slowed down||Difficulty concentrating
||Difficulty remembering new information|
|Headaches||Neck and Back pain and stiffness||Nausea and/or Vomiting||Dizziness and/or Balance problems|
|Numbness and/or Tingling||Increased Sensitivity to light and/or sound||Feeling tired and/or having no energy|
|Feeling more emotional
||Being irritable, frustrated, and/or easily angered
||Feeling sad and/or depressed||Feeling nervous, restlessness and/or anxious|
|Sleeping more than usual
|| Sleeping less than usual
||Having trouble falling sleep||
Having trouble staying asleep
Physicians can significantly improve patient outcomes when concussion/ traumatic brain injury (TBI) is suspected or diagnosed by implementing early management and appropriate referral.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)